Amorphous materials

Morpheus materials

Axial strain field around a circular hole in a bulk metallic glass as obtained from x-ray diffraction experiments (Poulsen et al., Nat. Mater. 4, 33 (2005))

Amorphous materials, such as oxide and metallic glasses, can potentially be applied much more widely than is done today. For example, as construction materials for entire buildings. However, this potential is seriously limited by their well-known brittleness. To overcome this challenge, the first step is to understand, at various scales, the structural changes occurring during fracture under high local stress. The typically used methods to analyze glass structure, such as NMR, are limited to atomic and nanoscale and are not able to solve the central scientific question. This is because residual stresses develop and strength-limiting cracks propagate over long distances as soon as glass surfaces interact mechanically with the environment. Within SOLID we propose to tackle this problem by combining expertise in glass chemistry, mechanics, and dynamics as well as X-ray and neutron imaging. Data collected at ESS and MAX IV will enable us to characterize deformation mechanisms on all relevant length scales and map the complete strain tensor with high resolution. This will lead to improved models of deformation in amorphous materials and thus enable a breakthrough in the bottom-up design of new chemical compositions and structures that allow for plastic deformation without fracture.

For more information find contact info for PI's:

  • Kirstine Niss, RUC
  • Jeppe Dyre, RUC
  • Morten Smedskjær, AAU
  • Yuanzheng Yue, AAU
  • Henning Friis Poulsen, DTU